EU member countries

EU member countries Austria Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden United Kingdom

Brexit: For the time being, the United Kingdom remains a full member of the EU and rights and obligations continue to fully apply in and to the UK.

 

Austria – EU member countries

Flag of Austria

  • Capital: Vienna
  • Official EU language(s): German
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1995
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 1999
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 1 December 1997
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Belgium – EU member countries

Flag of Belgium

  • Capital: Brussels
  • Official EU language(s): Dutch, French and German
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1958
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 1999.
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 March 1995.
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Bulgaria – EU member countries

Flag of Belgium

  • Capital: Sofia
  • Official EU language(s): Bulgarian
  • EU member country: since 1 January 2007
  • Currency: Bulgarian lev BGN. Bulgaria has committed to adopt the euro once it fulfils the necessary conditions.
  • Schengen: Bulgaria is currently in the process of joining the Schengen area.
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS
  • Presidency of the Council of the EUThe following link is a redirection to an external websiteBulgaria holds the revolving presidency from 1 january 2018.

Croatia – EU member countries

Flag of Croatia

  • Capital: Zagreb
  • Official EU language(s): Croatian
  • EU member country: since 1 July 2013
  • Currency: Croatian Kuna HRK. Croatia has committed to adopt the euro once it fulfils the necessary conditions.
  • Schengen: No, Croatia is not a member of the Schengen area
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Cyprus – EU member countries

Flag of Cyprus

  • Capital: Nicosia
  • Official EU language(s): Greek
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 2008
  • Schengen: Cyprus is currently in the process of joining the Schengen area.
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Czech Republic – EU member countries

Flag of Czech Republic

  • Capital: Prague
  • Official EU language(s): Czech
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004
  • Currency: Czech koruna (CZK). Czech Republic is currently preparing to adopt the euro.
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Denmark – EU member countries

Flag of Denmark

  • Capital: Copenhagen
  • Official EU language(s): Danish
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1973
  • Currency: Danish krone DKK. Denmark has negotiated of an opt-out from the euro and thus is not obliged to introduce it.
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 25 March 2001
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Estonia – EU member countries

Flag of Estonia

  • Capital: Tallinn
  • Official EU language(s): Estonian
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 2011
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Finland

Flag of Finland

  • Capital: Helsinki
  • Official EU language(s): Finnish, Swedish
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1995
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 1999
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 25 March 2001
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

France

Flag of France

  • Capital: Paris
  • Official EU language(s): French
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1958
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 1999
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 March 1995
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Germany

Flag of Germany

  • Capital: Berlin
  • Official EU language(s): German
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1958
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 1999
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 March 1995
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Greece

Flag of Greece

  • Capital: Athens
  • Official EU language(s): Greek
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1981
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 2001
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 1 January 2000
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Hungary

Flag of Hungary

  • Capital: Budapest
  • Official EU language(s): Hungarian
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004
  • Currency: Hungarian Forint HUF. Hungary is currently preparing to adopt the euro.
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Ireland

Flag of Ireland

  • Capital: Dublin
  • Official EU language(s): Irish, English
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1973
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 1999
  • Schengen: Ireland has negotiated an opt-out from Schengen area.
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Italy

Flag of Italy

  • Capital: Rome
  • Official EU language(s): Italian
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1958
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 1999
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 October 1997
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Latvia

Flag of Latvia

  • Capital: Riga
  • Official EU language(s): Latvian
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 2014
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Lithuania

Flag of Lithuania

  • Capital: Vilnius
  • Official EU language(s): Lithuanian
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 2015
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Luxembourg

Flag of Luxembourg

  • Capital: Luxembourg
  • Official EU language(s): French, German
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1958
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 1999.
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 March 1995.
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Malta

Flag of Malta

  • Capital: Valletta
  • Official EU language(s): Maltese, English
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 2008
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Netherlands

Flag of the Netherlands

  • Capital: Amsterdam
  • Official EU language(s): Dutch
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1958
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 1999.
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 March 1995.
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Poland

Flag of Poland

  • Capital: Warsaw
  • Official EU language(s): Polish
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004
  • Currency: Polish Złoty PLN. Poland is currently preparing to adopt the euro.
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Portugal

Flag of Portugal

  • Capital: Lisbon
  • Official EU language(s): Portuguese
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1986
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 1999.
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 March 1995.
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Romania

Flag of Romania

  • Capital: Bucharest
  • Official EU language(s): Romanian
  • EU member country: since 1 January 2007
  • Currency: Romanian Leu RON. Romania has committed the euro once it fulfils the necessary conditions.
  • Schengen: Romania is currently in the process of joining the Schengen area.
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Slovakia

Flag of Slovakia

  • Capital: Bratislava
  • Official EU language(s): Slovak
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 2009.
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007.
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Slovenia

Flag of Slovenia

  • Capital: Ljubljana
  • Official EU language(s): Slovenian
  • EU member country: since 1 May 2004
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 2007.
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007.
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Spain

Flag of Spain

  • Capital: Madrid
  • Official EU language(s): Spanish
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1986
  • Currency: euro. Euro area member since 1 January 1999
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 March 1995
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Sweden

Flag of Sweden

  • Capital: Stockholm
  • Official EU language(s): Swedish
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1995
  • Currency: Swedish krona SEK. Sweden has committed the euro once it fulfils the necessary conditions.
  • Schengen: Schengen area member since 25 March 2001
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

United Kingdom

Flag of United Kingdom

  • Capital: London
  • Official EU language(s): English
  • EU member country: since 1 January 1973
  • Currency: pound sterling (GBP). The UK has negotiated of an opt-out from the euro and thus is not obliged to introduce it.
  • Schengen: the UK has negotiated an opt-out from Schengen area.
  • Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS